Primer Series: Rack-Scale Composable Infrastructure
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Do you ever attend meetings where the conversation turns to an unfamiliar technology? Suddenly, many names and acronyms are being thrown around and you have no idea what they mean. Confused, you scan the room and notice that everyone else is nodding as if they know exactly what's being discussed.
We've all been there before. To help our valued customers make sense of it all, the engineers at WWT offer a continuing series of 'primer' articles to provide a basic understanding of emerging products and technologies. This article introduces WWT's innovative partner GigaIO and its unique Rack-Scale Composable Infrastructure solution that takes a novel approach to disaggregating compute, storage and networking into shared resource pools, reducing the total cost of ownership (TCO) at data center scale.
Vast volumes of data are proliferating by the minute — and that calls for a fundamental change in how data centers are architected. The challenge of collecting, organizing, analyzing, moving and storing so much information can be daunting.
At the same time, advances in data analytics and artificial intelligence (AI) domains such as machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) are driving the need for ever-greater processing performance — yet another imperative for the data center to evolve and adopt new approaches with bigger, faster, more secure hardware: accelerators, proprietary ASICs and storage arrays. These highly complex systems are prone to experience bottlenecks and interconnect issues that drag down responsiveness and utilization.
As more applications introduce support for accelerators (GPUs and FPGAs), which can reduce time to result from weeks to literally minutes, users are clamoring for more of these expensive resources. Yet, industry data shows they are only utilized 15 to 20 percent of the time, stranded behind the traditional data center's rigid architecture.
Legacy data center infrastructures were not designed for today's workflow requirements. The scalable modern data center needs a solution that can integrate compute, storage and other communication I/O into a single-system cluster fabric, scaling resources up and out across the cluster as needed. This solution should free resources from their silos to be shared with other network users who draw from these resource pools through a disaggregated composable infrastructure (DCI), an emerging category of infrastructure designed to maximize IT resource usage and improve business agility.
Until now, composable infrastructure choices have been limited to a few proprietary, single-vendor solutions that are incompatible with legacy assets, forcing companies to restructure their data center to take advantage of true composability. They have also largely been limited to composing primarily or exclusively storage resources, and doing so over Ethernet as the physical interconnect.
While Ethernet might be fine for legacy storage, the latest additions to the data center rack (accelerators and 3D XPoint SSDs, to name a few) cannot be composed efficiently with the inadequate latency and bandwidth of legacy networks. That's all changed now with a game-changing new Rack-Scale Composable Infrastructure offered by WWT's partner GigaIO.
In a disaggregated composable infrastructure, server elements such as compute, storage and network devices are treated as resource pools to be provisioned at will, depending on workflow requirements for optimum performance. Traditional server ingredients (storage, acceleration and so forth) are disaggregated into separate, easily shareable elements. Ideally, the solution should derive maximum utilization of these elements from reducing CapEx and OpEx. But to disaggregate storage and accelerators, infrastructure interconnects need to support the lowest latency and highest bandwidth possible.
The key phrase is "disaggregated composable" — the ability to compose according to a specific workflow need, virtually drawing resources from a server and sharing them as needed. The industry is still learning about disaggregated composable infrastructure, and that unfamiliarity leads to several misconceptions:
- Misconception #1: Disaggregation reduces performance: In fact, the disaggregation and recomposing of optimal resources for each segment of a workflow can mean an actual gain in overall performance.
- Misconception #2: Composability can happen on its own: Unfortunately, it's not as easy as mix and match. Before elements can be pooled, they must be disaggregated, which is the process of freeing and grouping the resources into pools while making them available to other resource users. Workflows can then share these now-pooled resources. Composer software controls how much of a given disaggregated resource is allocated to each server, based on workflow.
- Misconception #3: composed servers need to be close: Some IT professionals mistakenly believe physical location is important in the same way a GPU should be positioned next to the processor. The disaggregated composable infrastructure allows server resources to be widely dispersed within and outside the rack without losing performance.
- Misconception #4: DCI versus HCI: A disaggregated composable infrastructure is entirely different from a hyper-converged infrastructure (HCI), a software-defined system in which all traditional data center elements — compute, networking, storage and management — are pooled into an integrated, unified solution, but trapped and usable only within a single system.
- Misconception #5: Composable infrastructures are always proprietary: With the release of GigaIO's Rack-Scale Composable Infrastructure, based on open standards such as Redfish® APIs and PCIe, that's no longer so. Although other composable infrastructure vendors require their proprietary hardware and software — essentially creating new resource silos of their own — GigaIO can deliver the advantages of composability on virtually all disaggregated server systems and associated resources.
- Misconception #6: Disaggregated composability is a less secure infrastructure: Not true. The ability to have secure interoperability at the PCIe layer end-to-end means a higher level of trust can be gained from this infrastructure class, which reduces intrusion points.
As a longtime industry leader in technology solutions, WWT is always eager to collaborate with talented, up-and-coming minds whose names you may not be familiar with yet. One such rising star is GigaIO, whose primary focus has been to advance the modern data center by creating the world's only enterprise-class, composable infrastructure — an open standards solution with boundless flexibility, cloudlike agility, future-readiness, security and affordability.
The GigaIO FabreX™ hyper-performance network is the culmination of that effort. FabreX eliminates conversion layers while enabling the data center to run at full efficiency with remarkably low latency and high throughput via a vastly improved interconnect fabric, eliminating the I/O network bottleneck.
Although other composable infrastructure solutions present themselves as "open," in fact, they require such limiting factors as proprietary hardware, software licenses, additional management panes of glass and so forth. In contrast, GigaIO allows customers to select not only their preferred servers and components but also their composition software from a list of off-the-shelf options; besides, GigaIO is an active supporter of industry open-standards initiatives. For these reasons, GigaIO demonstrates a commitment to open standards that WWT supports.
- Flexibility on the only open platform: Other data center solutions might lock users into proprietary hardware and software resources that are incompatible with legacy systems, requiring costly forklift upgrades and limiting growth options. In contrast, GigaIO's Rack-Scale Composable Infrastructure operates over the RedFish API, which is entirely agnostic, enabling users to run their choice of new or existing servers, storage, accelerators, and so forth.
- Speed and simplicity of PCIe: The GigaIO solution is 100% PCI Express-compliant, instantly and automatically working with all other PCIe-based resources, eliminating the need for additional, multi-step communication processes.
- The industry's lowest latency and highest bandwidth: GigaIO has the numbers to back up its claim:
- Hardware latency of 350 ns end-to-end, server to server, versus 1300 ns (and higher) for the alternatives. This industry-leading latency drives superior PCIe performance across the cluster.
- Bandwidth of 256 Gb/sec up to 512 Gb/sec, delivered by its third-generation FabreX implementation and fourth-gen solution.
These results validate GigaIO's positioning as a young but proven leader in composable infrastructure solutions.
- Improved security: Unlike networks that rely on Ethernet switching to other networks, which creates the risk of a potential security injection point, GigaIO is end-to-end PCIe with Trusted Platform Module (TPM) on the switch, virtually eliminating the potential for undetected attacks. What's more, GigaIO works on servers with a Silicon Root of Trust from HPE embedded in hardware to resist firmware attacks, automatically detecting intrusion and rolling back to a last known safe state.
- Reduce TCO by up to 50 percent: Users can easily share costly resources across multiple servers to achieve maximum utilization and prevent overprovisioning. This capability helps lower the CapEx that results when each compute or storage resource is on its upgrade cycle. What's more, reduced power consumption and automated management produce lower OpEx.
Organizations worldwide are in continuous need of breakthrough data center solutions that help them acquire, analyze and glean meaningful insights and handle highly compute-intensive workflows quickly and securely.
WWT's partner GigaIO, with its Rack-Scale Composable Infrastructure powered by the FabreX hyper-performance network, provides a fundamentally new architecture that offers a new paradigm enabling organizations to scale data center resources up and out as needed — easily, rapidly and reliably. Best of all, it allows for maximum utilization for lower TCO.
Contact WWT to find out how much you can save with GigaIO's Rack-Scale Composable Infrastructure.
You can also schedule a demonstration in our Advanced Technology Center (ATC). And look for more information to come about GigaIO, FabreX and the Rack-Scale Composable Infrastructure.